Kids Agriculture Page
Pennsylvania ranks the first nationally in producing mushrooms with annual production of 443 million pounds.
Winter wheat is an important
crop in the southeast whereas Buckwheat is a major crop in the northeast. Other important crops include potatoes, oats, rye, barley,
and a variety of truck crops.
Pennsylvania also grows apples, cherries, peaches, and grapes.
The sale of livestock and livestock products
accounts for 69% of Pennsylvania’s farm income.
Milk production is the leading segment of the agricultural industry, with annual sales
of 2.1 billion and 6.7% of the nation’s total supply in 2008.
The total value of all cattle, hogs, and sheep was 1.59 million in 2000.
The combined value of the poultry production from broilers, eggs, and turkeys, plus the value of chicken sales was 644 million in
Crops and Livestock
Pennsylvania has climates that are generally known as humid continental because of the effect of the Atlantic. There are distinct
seasonal variations and an abundance of rainfall.
Lowland Pennsylvania has comparatively long summers and mild winters, with growing
seasons ranging from five to seven months. Mean annual temperatures range from about 50 - 54°F.
In Upland Pennsylvania, summers are
short and winters are comparatively severe. The growing season is commonly no more than three to four months long, and the mean annual
temperature ranges from about 44 - 49°F.
Rainfall averages 42” a year.
The best agricultural soils tend to be found in southeastern
Most valleys in central Pennsylvania have less fertile soils and have been abandoned as farming areas, while higher elevations
have never been farmed.
Climate and Soils
More Information on Farm Animals
Founded: December 12, 1787
State Bird: Ruffed Grouse
State Tree: Hemlock
State Flower: Mountain Laurel
Number of Counties: 67
Largest City: Philadelphia
Nickname: Keystone State
Number of Farms: 59,300 (2012)
Average Farm Size: 124 acres
Total Farmland: 7.8 million acres
Facts about Pennsylvania