Water Protection

One of the responsibilities of a Conservation District is to protect streams, rivers and watersheds for the continued long term use by and for the benefit of the public.  One of the nation's leading causes of water quality degradation is Nonpoint Source Pollution.

Nonpoint Source (NPS) Pollution, unlike pollution from industrial and sewage treatment plants, comes from many different sources.  NPS pollution is caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground.  As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters, and even our underground sources of drinking water.

Residential homes also contribute to NPS.  Although, each home alone may only contribute a minor amount of pollution, the combination of homes in an entire neighborhood can contribute serious amounts of pollution.  Water runoff in the backyard often starts with your roof top.  The water on your roof top usually collects in your gutters and gushes out the drain pipe and across the lawn or across your sidewalk and driveway.  This water carries alot of contaminates that makes its way into our closest waterways. 


Excess fertilizers, herbicides, and insecticides from agricultural lands and residential areas;

Oil, grease, and toxic chemicals from urban runoff and energy production;

Sediment from improperly managed construction sites, crop and forest lands and eroding streambanks;

Salt from irrigation practices and acid drainage from abandoned mines;

Bacteria and nutrients from livestock, pet wastes, and faulty septic systems


Contaminates may include:


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